The Blog

Your R&D Questions Answered

Is your company involved in scientific and technological innovation?  Then you could be missing out on an invaluable tax relief.


What is R&D?

R&D takes place where you are carrying out a project that seeks to achieve an advancement in overall knowledge or capability in a field of science, or your taking a risk to solve a technological uncertainty.  Is your company developing a new product, process or service, or improving an existing one?


What tax relief can my company get?

Small and medium sized businesses will be able to deduct up to a further 130% of their qualifying expenditure from taxable profits.

This will either reduce your tax liability or create trading losses that you can either utilise in future years, allocate to other group companies or surrender for the R&D Tax Credit of 14.5% to generate an amount repayable to the company.


What if my company is large?

If your company has a head count of more than 500, and either your turnover is more than €100m or your balance sheet is more than €86m then your R&D claim will fall under the Research & Development Expenditure Credit (RDEC) Scheme.  An RDEC Tax Credit is worth 12% of your qualifying R&D expenditure.  This credit is taxable at the corporation tax rate of 19%. The 12% credit is then offset against your tax liability; A loss-making company could receive a repayable amount. The credit is effectively worth 10p for every £1 you spend on R&D.


What costs can I claim the extra relief on?

  • Staff costs of those involved in the project, including wages, Class 1 NIC and pension contributions
  • Externally provided workers
  • Sub-contracted R&D
  • Consumable items including water, heat and power consumed in the project
  • Costs of producing prototypes


What should I do now?

A claim for R&D is made on your Corporation Tax Return and if you haven’t already made a claim you can still make a back dated claim within the 12 month anniversary of the filing date of your company Return.

So if you think that you may be missing out give us a call on 01905 777600 or email us

Tax relief changes for residential landlords: The ins and outs

As of next month (April), the Government’s widely-debated plans to limit residential landlords’ tax relief are set to come into force.

 But what will the changes involve? Will they impact all landlords? And what action, if any, should people be taking right now? David Gillies explores the ins and outs of the new tax changes, which have been the subject of much discussion and debate since they were first announced by the Government last year.

From April 6, 2017, tax relief on interest and finance costs for landlords with residential properties will start to be reduced to the basic rate of Income Tax.

Currently, landlords are entitled to claim the top rate tax relief of up to 45% on residential buy-to-let properties, but that’s all set to dramatically change once the new rules fully kick in, as this figure will be cut to 20%, the base rate of tax.

As a result of the changes, landlords will no longer be able to deduct mortgage interest payments or any other finance-related costs from their turnover before declaring their taxable income. According to the National Landlords’ Association, the plans will also mean a significant proportion of the 440,000 basic rate tax-paying landlords will find themselves winding up in the higher rate tax bracket.

But while April 6 2017 is when we’ll see the Government start to put the wheels in motion for its plans, the full effect of the changes actually won’t be felt right away. That’s because the reduction will be implemented using a phased approach over the next three years, which will see it fully in place from April 6, 2020.

Who will the changes apply to?

UK and non-UK landlords who let residential properties as an individual, or in a partnership or trust will all be impacted, as will trustees or beneficiaries of trusts who are liable for Income Tax on their property’s profits.

For resident companies, both UK and non-UK based, and landlords of furnished holiday lettings, it’ll be business as usual. They don’t fall within the jurisdiction of the new restriction and therefore will still be able to receive relief for interest and other finance costs as they’ve always done.

Which finance costs will be restricted?

 It’s anticipated the restriction will apply to interest on mortgages, loans (including loans to buy furnishings) and overdrafts. Other affected finance costs include:

  • Alternative finance returns
  • Fees and any other incidental costs for getting or repaying mortgages or loans
  • Discounts, premiums and disguised interest

Up until April 6, 2017:

Interest is classed as a deductible expense so, if a landlord’s total expenses exceed their rental income, it creates a loss that can be carried forward and used to reduce taxable rental profit (or increase a loss) later down the line.

From April 6, 2017:

A proportion of the interest (25% for 2017/18, 50% for 2018/19, 75% for 2019/20 and 100% for 2020/21) won’t count as an expense and therefore won’t be able to be taken into account when working out a loss. It can, however, be carried forward and used as credit in later years.

 What should residential landlords be doing now?

While these changes to tax relief for residential landlords may have been widely-talked about from the moment they were unveiled in the summer Budget 2015, there appears to be some uncertainty surrounding them, even now.

For those who haven’t already done so, now’s the time to focus on fully understanding the implications of what’s proposed, planning ahead and developing a clear strategy to address the widespread impact the changes will undoubtedly have once they’re in place. For instance, while residential landlords should already be in the habit of keeping a record of their losses carried forward for their tax returns, they’ll also need to report the amount of interest carried forward for 2017/18 and onwards, as part of the new rules.

The tax relief landscape for residential landlords is set to change beyond all recognition from April 6, but there’s no reason why it shouldn’t be anything but a seamless process for those who’ve done their research and got the right professional support and insight behind them.

Got any questions or want to find out more about how the tax relief changes for residential landlords will impact you? Or perhaps you’d like advice on how to ensure you’re complying with the new rules as they’re phased in? Call us on 01905 777600 or email us at

DSC4366About the Author

David Gillies specialises in private client tax, advising on personal tax with an emphasis on inheritance tax planning, trusts, tax efficient structuring for property portfolios and residence and domicile status. He has worked for “big 4” firms as well as smaller practices.



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